If you have questions about upgrades (or need help), please feel free to reach out to us by mailing list or Slack Channel.

Overview

Consider the below guidelines in preparation for upgrading.

  • Always back up all your configuration files before upgrading.
  • Read through the documentation and draft an upgrade plan that matches your specific requirements and environment before starting the upgrade process. Put differently, don’t start working through the guide on a live cluster. Read guide entirely, make a plan, then execute the plan.
  • Pay careful consideration to the order in which components are upgraded. In general, you need to upgrade bookies first and then upgrade your clients.
  • If autorecovery is running along with bookies, you need to pay attention to the upgrade sequence.
  • Read the release notes carefully for each release. They contain not only information about noteworthy features, but also changes to configurations that may impact your upgrade.
  • Always upgrade one or a small set of bookies to canary new version before upgraing all bookies in your cluster.

Canary

It is wise to canary an upgraded version in one or small set of bookies before upgrading all bookies in your live cluster.

You can follow below steps on how to canary a upgraded version:

  1. Stop a Bookie.
  2. Upgrade the binary and configuration.
  3. Start the Bookie in ReadOnly mode. This can be used to verify if the Bookie of this new version can run well for read workload.
  4. Once the Bookie is running at ReadOnly mode successfully for a while, restart the Bookie in Write/Read mode.
  5. After step 4, the Bookie will serve both write and read traffic.

Rollback Canaries

If problems occur during canarying an upgraded version, you can simply take down the problematic Bookie node. The remain bookies in the old cluster will repair this problematic bookie node by autorecovery. Nothing needs to be worried about.

Upgrade Steps

Once you determined a version is safe to upgrade in a few nodes in your cluster, you can perform following steps to upgrade all bookies in your cluster.

  1. Determine if autorecovery is running along with bookies. If yes, check if the clients (either new clients with new binary or old clients with new configurations) are allowed to talk to old bookies; if clients are not allowed to talk to old bookies, please disable autorecovery during upgrade.
  2. Decide on performing a rolling upgrade or a downtime upgrade.
  3. Upgrade all Bookies (more below)
  4. If autorecovery was disabled during upgrade, enable autorecovery.
  5. After all bookies are upgraded, build applications that use BookKeeper client against the new bookkeeper libraries and deploy the new versions.

Upgrade Bookies

In a rolling upgrade scenario, upgrade one Bookie at a time. In a downtime upgrade scenario, take the entire cluster down, upgrade each Bookie, then start the cluster.

For each Bookie:

  1. Stop the bookie.
  2. Upgrade the software (either new binary or new configuration)
  3. Start the bookie.

Upgrade Guides

We describes the general upgrade method in Apache BookKeeper as above. We will cover the details for individual versions.

4.6.x to 4.7.0 upgrade

There isn’t any protocol related backward compabilities changes in 4.7.0. So you can follow the general upgrade sequence to upgrade from 4.6.x to 4.7.0.

However, we list a list of changes that you might want to know.

Common Configuration Changes

This section documents the common configuration changes that applied for both clients and servers.

New Settings

Following settings are newly added in 4.7.0.

Name Default Value Description
allowShadedLedgerManagerFactoryClass false The allows bookkeeper client to connect to a bookkeeper cluster using a shaded ledger manager factory
shadedLedgerManagerFactoryClassPrefix dlshade. The shaded ledger manager factory prefix. This is used when allowShadedLedgerManagerFactoryClass is set to true
metadataServiceUri null metadata service uri that bookkeeper is used for loading corresponding metadata driver and resolving its metadata service location
permittedStartupUsers null The list of users are permitted to run the bookie process. Any users can run the bookie process if it is not set
Deprecated Settings

There are no common settings deprecated at 4.7.0.

Changed Settings

There are no common settings whose default value are changed at 4.7.0.

Server Configuration Changes

New Settings

Following settings are newly added in 4.7.0.

Name Default Value Description
verifyMetadataOnGC false Whether the bookie is configured to double check the ledgers’ metadata prior to garbage collecting them
auditorLedgerVerificationPercentage 0 The percentage of a ledger (fragment)’s entries will be verified by Auditor before claiming a ledger (fragment) is missing
numHighPriorityWorkerThreads 8 The number of threads that should be used for high priority requests (i.e. recovery reads and adds, and fencing). If zero, reads are handled by Netty threads directly.
useShortHostName false Whether the bookie should use short hostname or FQDN hostname for registration and ledger metadata when useHostNameAsBookieID is enabled.
minUsableSizeForEntryLogCreation 1.2 * logSizeLimit Minimum safe usable size to be available in ledger directory for bookie to create entry log files (in bytes).
minUsableSizeForHighPriorityWrites 1.2 * logSizeLimit Minimum safe usable size to be available in ledger directory for bookie to accept high priority writes even it is in readonly mode.
Deprecated Settings

Following settings are deprecated since 4.7.0.

Name Description
registrationManagerClass The registration manager class used by server to discover registration manager. It is replaced by metadataServiceUri.
Changed Settings

The default values of following settings are changed since 4.7.0.

Name Old Default Value New Default Value Notes
numLongPollWorkerThreads 10 0 If the number of threads is zero or negative, bookie can fallback to use read threads for long poll. This allows not creating threads if application doesn’t use long poll feature.

Client Configuration Changes

New Settings

Following settings are newly added in 4.7.0.

Name Default Value Description
maxNumEnsembleChanges Integer.MAX_VALUE The max allowed ensemble change number before sealing a ledger on failures
timeoutMonitorIntervalSec min(addEntryTimeoutSec, addEntryQuorumTimeoutSec, readEntryTimeoutSec) The interval between successive executions of the operation timeout monitor, in seconds
ensemblePlacementPolicyOrderSlowBookies false Flag to enable/disable reordering slow bookies in placement policy
Deprecated Settings

Following settings are deprecated since 4.7.0.

Name Description
clientKeyStoreType Replaced by tlsKeyStoreType
clientKeyStore Replaced by tlsKeyStore
clientKeyStorePasswordPath Replaced by tlsKeyStorePasswordPath
clientTrustStoreType Replaced by tlsTrustStoreType
clientTrustStore Replaced by tlsTrustStore
clientTrustStorePasswordPath Replaced by tlsTrustStorePasswordPath
registrationClientClass The registration client class used by client to discover registration service. It is replaced by metadataServiceUri.
Changed Settings

The default values of following settings are changed since 4.7.0.

Name Old Default Value New Default Value Notes
enableDigestTypeAutodetection false true Autodetect the digest type and passwd when opening a ledger. It will ignore the provided digest type, but still verify the provided passwd.

4.7.x to 4.8.X upgrade

In 4.8.x a new feature is added to persist explicitLac in FileInfo and explicitLac entry in Journal. (Note: Currently this feature is not available if your ledgerStorageClass is DbLedgerStorage, ISSUE #1533 is going to address it) Hence current journal format version is bumped to 6 and current FileInfo header version is bumped to 1. But since default config values of ‘journalFormatVersionToWrite’ and ‘fileInfoFormatVersionToWrite’ are set to older versions, this feature is off by default. To enable this feature those config values should be set to current versions. Once this is enabled then we cannot rollback to previous Bookie versions (4.7.x and older), since older version code would not be able to deal with explicitLac entry in Journal file while replaying journal and also reading Header of Index files / FileInfo would fail reading Index files with newer FileInfo version. So in summary, it is a non-rollbackable feature and it applies even if explicitLac is not being used.

4.5.x to 4.6.x upgrade

There isn’t any protocol related backward compabilities changes in 4.6.x. So you can follow the general upgrade sequence to upgrade from 4.5.x to 4.6.x.

4.4.x to 4.5.x upgrade

There isn’t any protocol related backward compabilities changes in 4.5.0. So you can follow the general upgrade sequence to upgrade from 4.4.x to 4.5.x. However, we list a list of things that you might want to know.

  1. 4.5.x upgrades netty from 3.x to 4.x. The memory usage pattern might be changed a bit. Netty 4 uses more direct memory. Please pay attention to your memory usage and adjust the JVM settings accordingly.
  2. multi journals is a non-rollbackable feature. If you configure a bookie to use multiple journals on 4.5.x you can not roll the bookie back to use 4.4.x. You have to take a bookie out and recover it if you want to rollback to 4.4.x.

If you are planning to upgrade a non-secured cluster to a secured cluster enabling security features in 4.5.0, please read BookKeeper Security for more details.

An entry is a sequence of bytes (plus some metadata) written to a BookKeeper ledger. Entries are also known as records.

A ledger is a sequence of entries written to BookKeeper. Entries are written sequentially to ledgers and at most once, giving ledgers append-only semantics.

A bookie is an individual BookKeeper storage server.

Bookies store the content of ledgers and act as a distributed ensemble.

A subsystem that runs in the background on bookies to ensure that ledgers are fully replicated even if one bookie from the ensemble is down.

Striping is the process of distributing BookKeeper ledgers to sub-groups of bookies rather than to all bookies in a BookKeeper ensemble.

Striping is essential to ensuring fast performance.

A journal file stores BookKeeper transaction logs.

When a reader forces a ledger to close, preventing any further entries from being written to the ledger.

A record is a sequence of bytes (plus some metadata) written to a BookKeeper ledger. Records are also known as entries.